Minimizing substituting compensating
The project strategy attaches top priority to the reduction of energy consumption.
Minimizing measures can be implemented, for example, by the energy-efficient use of heating, cooling and lighting systems. The major part of the energy saving potentials can certainly be exploited through investments in energy-efficient buildings, technologies and devices. But even without using financial means, much energy can be saved by merely bringing about a change in the people's behaviour.
Second priority is to substitute as much of the remaining energy consumption as possible in a climate-neutral way. The energy and environmental footprint can be reduced by purchasing emission-neutral or low-emission energy sources, e.g. replacing conventionally generated electricity by green electricity or using renewable energy sources instead of fossil fuels for the production of thermal and process heat.
Major milestones in the substitution process are the conversion of the Hesse state administration's entire power supply to green electricity, the initiation of a pilot project in the field of electric vehicles and the changeover to alternative energy sources for heat production and supply, if technically and economically reasonable.
In the end, even if considerable CO2 reductions can be achieved by activating all existing minimizing and substitution potentials, not all emissions can be completely avoided.
If complete carbon neutrality turns out to be unrealizable for financial and economic reasons, the compensation for CO2 emissions will come into play as a third priority. The remaining emissions can be compensated for by purchasing and setting aside high-quality emission certificates from climate protection projects or by in-house energy production.